The right for education ordinary people received only since 1949, ie since the founding of the People’s Republic of China (PRC). In ancient times, the main purpose of education was to educate officials, because only people who pass exams have the right to hold government positions.Presently, education is divided into several stages: primary education, secondary education, vocational education and higher education.
According to the law on compulsory education in China (义务教育 法), currently it’s considered to be the nine-year compulsory education. Also, it worth noting that in the 80 years it was considered mandatory only primary education, six-year.
The primary education (初等教育) in China suggests 6 year study. The course includes subjects such as mathematics, history, natural history, music, drawing, physical education et al., as well as educate the students love of country and respect for socialism.
The secondary education (中等教育) consists of two stages (初中 and 高中), each of them continues three years. By the above-mentioned subjects there are added more classes like foreign language, politics, geography, physics, chemistry, etc.
Vocational education (中等 职业 技术 教育) represented by vocational schools (中等 专业 学校), technical schools (技工 学校) and professional schools (职业 学校). The study duration from 2 to 4 years, on some specialties to 5 years (eg, medicine). A set of the classes is entirely dependent on the chosen specialty – finance, medicine, agriculture, culinary arts, technology, tourism and so on. At the end, many graduates get jobs regarding allocation to various institutions, depending on the chosen specialty.
Higher education (高等教育) built on the principles of the Bologna system, but China itself in this system is not involved. Duration of study – 4 years. Graduates receive Bachelor degree. Master degree requires – another two (or three) years of study (bachelor – 本科, Masters – 专科).
There are two levels of education for graduate in China – post-graduate and doctoral studies. Post-graduates (masters – 硕士) and Ph.D. (博士) have different requirements.Post-graduates have to love the motherland, to be highly moral, to know one foreign language and be able to conduct research and development. The term of study at the graduate school – 2-3 years. Requirements for Ph.D. is almost the same as for post-graduate students, the only difference is that the Ph.D. has to know two foreign languages and to conduct any research activities.
It is also worth mentioning one more kind of education – advanced training or higher education for those who already work (教育 教育). In general, this may apply to the above graduate students. Due to the fact that during the day they work, and in the evenings and weekends they are learning, this kind of education is also called 大学.
Nowadays, there are plenty of online-universities in China. You can get a higher education even without leaving your house.
In recent time, the government has paid more and more attention to education. A huge amount of money is invested every year on its development.
Also, the teacher’s day in China is 10th of September